9.8 million new households were formed in the U.S. between 2012 and 2019. During that same seven years, only 5.9 million new single-family homes were constructed.
The Trouble With Bubbles
In 2005, right before the housing bubble burst, 1.7 million single-family homes were built—half a million more than averages during the decades leading up to it. This construction peak was a result of the availability of mortgages to practically anyone. But when those ill-advised mortgages started going into default by the millions, construction practically stopped. In 2011, according to Census Bureau statistics, the number of new construction starts was a mere 431,000.
Since then, it’s been a slow recovery, with 888,000 new starts in 2019. With such modest increases, it’s likely to be another four or five years before inventory can keep up with demand.
Low-Cost Homes Most Needed
While builders have (understandably) focused on higher-end construction to get their profits back up after the crash, new housing is especially lacking in the lower price range that the new generation of millennial homebuyers can afford. To further aggravate the situation, reduced inventory causes the prices of available homes to increase due to demand, pricing many average-income families out of the market.
“Simply put, new home starts are not keeping pace with demand. Homebuilders have a mountain of opportunity, but a big hill to climb.”Javier Vivas, Director of Economic Research at Realtor.com.